Mobile infants (12 to 18 months) are eager to explore. The environment is set up as a safe place to wonder, move, grasp, push, fill, empty and shake. Sensory motor activities abound, since it is the primary pathway for all learning at this age. There are large windows for light and discovery.
Stories and songs are common teaching tools as emergent literacy is developing.
Teachers are encouraged to teach, model, and encourage positive conflict management as toddlers begin to struggle for independence but still have a strong need for guidance.